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    电机市场整体复苏,高效电机推广之路依然任重道远

    发表时间:2018-3-30 来源:云铜铸业 作者:管理员 (共人浏览) 【字体:
    摘自:高效电机领跑者
     

    2017NIAN3YUEGUOJIAQUXIAOLEGAOXIAODIANJIJIENENGBUTIEZHENGCE,DUIGAOXIAODIANJIDETUIGUANGZAOCHENGLEYIDINGYINGXIANG。CIWAI,ZI2016NIANDIYILAIDEYUANCAILIAOCHENGBENSHANGZHANGYIJINGDAOZHIDIANJIZONGHECHENGBENSHANGZHANGLE10%-20%。RENLICHENGBENGENGSHISHANGZHANGXUNSU,JUBEIJINGSHIFANDAXUELAODONGLISHICHANGZHONGXINFABUDE《2017ZHONGGUOLAODONGLISHICHANGBAOGAO》SHUJUXIANSHI,2005NIANDAO2013NIAN,WOGUOZHIZAOYEDANWEILAODONGLICHENGBENCONGMEIXIAOSHI0.92MEIYUANSHANGSHENGZHI3.88MEIYUAN,NIANFUHEZENGZHANGLVWEI43%。


     

    针对上述因素对电机行业市场发展状况的影响程度,高效电机领跑者编辑专访了六安江淮电机有限公司副总经理兼安徽省电机工程技术研究中心主任刘自清先生。刘自清先生长期从事产业政策、电机系统节能技术研究与应用,在电机领域有丰富的从业经验。


     


     

     

    2017年电机业整体的发展情况


     

    2017年国内13家电机上市企业的年报显示,12家企业营业收入实现同比增长,7家企业净利润实现同比增长,只有一家企业出现亏损,电机行业整体发展势头良好。
     


     

    CONGXINGYETONGJILAIKAN

    IG视讯2017NIANSHICHANGXUQIUYOUSUOHUINUAN。QUANNIANDINGHUOLIANGWEI22562.4WANkW,JIAOQUNIANZENGZHANG13.5%。SHIXIANCHANLIANG19604.7WANkW,JIAOQUNIANZENGZHANG7.4%,YOUQISHIYONGCIDIANJICHANLIANG413.6WANkW,ZENGZHANG9.5%,GAOYADIANJICHANLIANG3725WANkW,ZENGZHANG11%。QUANNIANSHIXIANXIAOSHOULIANG19440.6WANkW,JIAOQUNIANZENGZHANG6.9%,QIZHONGDIANDONGJIXIAOSHOULIANG18686.8WANkW,ZENGZHANG7.9%,XIAOSHOUE437.9YIYUAN,ZENGZHANG11.2%。


     


     

    IG视讯XINGYELIRUNZONGEXIANGDUIDAFUZENGZHANG。CONGXINGYETONGJILAIKAN:QUANNIANXINGYESHIXIANLIRUN31.9YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGJIA7.4YIYUAN,ZENGZHANG30.4%。LIRUNZONGEZAI2014、2015LIANXULIANGNIANDAFUXIAHUADEJUMIANXIA,2016、2017NIANCHENGXIANHUIFUXINGZENGZHANG,DAN2017NIANLIRUNZONGEJUEDUIZHIRENGBI2013NIANDI3.5YIYUAN,ZHUYAOYUANYINYUANCAILIAO、YONGGONGCHENGBEN、WULIUDENGJUNZENGJIA,JIDUILEQIYEYINGLIKONGJIAN。


     

    JINCHUKOUQINGKUANG

    IG视讯2017NIANCHUKOUDIANJISHOURU54.3YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGZHANG6.5%,CONGXINGYETONGJI38JIACHUKOUQIYEZHONG,YOU24JIACHANLIANGTONGBIZENGJIA,ZHAN63.2%;29JIAQIYECHUKOUSHOURUTONGBIZENGJIA,ZHAN76.3%。


     

    IG视讯SHUJUBIAOMING,DIANJIXINGYEFAZHANQUSHIXIANGHAO,CHANYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENGJIBENDAOWEI,DANXINGYEKEJICHUANGXINNENGLIBUZU,XINCHANPINTOUFANGSHICHANGBUDUO,YOUYUDIANJISHUYUZHONGJIANCHANPIN,YIRANSHOUDAOKEHUXUQIUDEZHIYUE,MUQIANSHICHANGYIRANYI3JINENGXIAODIANJIWEIZHU,ZHUANYONGDIANJISHICHANGYUOU、MEIXIANGBISUOZHANBIZHONGJIAOXIAO,JIXUGUOJIAZAIZHENGCEHUOFAZHICENGMIAN,YUYITAOTAIDIXIAOLVDIANJI。


     

    请介绍公司2017年电机业务的概况


     

    IG视讯2017NIANWOSIWANCHENGLEDIANJICHANLIANG863.7WANkW,SHIXIANCHANZHI15.3YIYUAN,LISHUIJIN2.0YIYUAN,JIAOQUNIANTONGQIFENBIEZENGZHANG8.2%、15.9%、52%,DEYIYUQIYECHANPINJIEGOUDIAOZHENGJIJISHUGAIZAODESHISHI。CONGCHANPINJIEGOUFANGMIANLAIKAN,GAOYADIANJI、ZHUANYONGDIANJIJIXINNENGYUANSHIYONGDIANJI,JIAOQUNIANTONGQIDAFUZENGZHANG;GAOXIAODIANJI(2JINENGXIAO)XIAOLIANG356.65WANkW,ZHANBI41.3%,TONGSHIJIADADUOXINGYEZHUANYONGDIANJICHANPINDEKAIFA,ZHUBUXIANGDUOLINGYUJINJUN,TUOKUANSHICHANGKONGJIAN。


     


     

    公司如何研发并推广高效电机?


     

    GAOXIAODIANJIYANFAFANGMIAN

    IG视讯WOSISHENRUKAIZHANDIANJIJIQITIXIJIENENGJISHUYANJIU,RUYANZHIGAOXIAOJIENENGDIANJI;GAOXIAOFENGJI、BENG、YASUOJITIXI;GAOXIAOCHUANDONGTIXI;DIANJITIXIDEHELIPIPEI;DIANJITIXIJIENENGDETIXIJICHENGJIHUADENG。GAOXIAOJIENENGDIANJISHIDUIPUTONGDIANJIDESHEJI、CAILIAOHEGONGYIJIAYIGAIJIN,CONGERTIGAONENGLIANGLIYONGXIAOLV。ZAIGAIJINCAILIAODETONGSHI,ZHEZHONGJINXINGLE:CAIYONGXINXINGWAIQIAO、DUANGAI、ZHUANZIBIKOUCAOJIXINXINGFENGLUXITONG;YOUHUADIANCISHEJI、DINGZIZHENGXIANRAOZUDENG;DIANJILVSESHEJIJILVSEZHIZAOJISHUJICHENGYINGYONG、ZHULV“TUOQIAO”GONGYI、ZHUTONGGONGYIDENGCHUANGXIN。WOMENXIANHOUYANFA:YX3GAOXIAOLVDIANJI、YE3CHAOGAOXIAOLVDIANJI、YE4CHAOCHAOGAOXIAODIANJI、GAOXIAOGAOYADIANJI、CXYTYONGCIDIANJI、ZHUSUJIZHUANYONGYONGCIDIANJIDENGJIENENGDIANJI。


     


     

    IG视讯TONGSHIGONGSIYUDUOJIAJIENENGGONGSIHEZUOKAIZHANDIANJIXITONGMOSHIYANJIU,DIANJIJIENENGGENJUDIANJIRONGLIANGDAXIAOFENSANZHONGMOSHI:ZHONGDAXINGDIANJICAIYONGXITONGJIENENGFANGSHI,WEIXINGDIANJICAIYONGZHILIU、BIANPINDENGJISHU,ZHONGXIAOXINGDIANJIZHUYAOYONGZAIGONGYELINGYUCAIYONGDIANJIGONGYIGAIJINDEFANGSHI。TONGGUOJIENENGMOSHIYANJIU,KAIFAYIXILIEZHUANYONGDIANJI,XIAOGUOGENGJIAXIANZHU。


     

    TUIGUANGFANGMIAN

    WEILECUJINGAOXIAODIANJIDETUIGUANG,GUOJIACONG2010NIAN6YUE18RIKAISHIGAOXIAODIANJICAIZHENGBUTIE;WEILEWANCHENG2011NIANDUTUIGUANG3177WANQIANWAGAOXIAODIANJIDEMUBIAO,DANGNIAN3YUE8RITIGAOBUZHUBIAOZHUN。WOSIRUWEIGUOJIAJIENENGCHANPINHUIMINGONGCHENG“DIERPI”、“DIWUPI”、“DILIUPI”,JIN1200GUIGE,SUIRANZAITONGXINGYEZHONGRUWEIGUIGEBUSUANDUO,DANSHIWOMEN0.55-375kWDIANJITUIGUANGLIANG,CHUYUXINGYEQIANLIE,WOMENZUOFASHI:

    1. IG视讯JIADAXUANCHUAN,YOUQISHIDUIZHONGDIANKEHUGONGGUAN;

    2. ZHUZHONGCHANPINPINZHI;

    3. IG视讯CHOUCUOZIJIN,CAIYONGXIANXINGDIANFUBUTIEZIJIN,RANGKEHUZHIJIESHOUYI;

    4. IG视讯JIADAZHONGDIANXINGYE,RUSHUINI、GANGTIEDENGXINGYETUIGUANG;

    5. JIJICANYUJIENENGXIANGMU、HETONGNENGYUANGUANLIXIANGMUDENG。


       

    公司2017年高效电机生产销售情况如何? 主要应用在哪些领域?


     

    2017年我们完成高效电机(2级能效)生产387.5万kW,销量356.65万kW。主要应用于水泵、风机、压缩机、陶瓷机械、机械设备等行业。
     


     

     

    您认为高能效电机的市场前景怎样?


     

    全球的电机正在向高效节能方向发展,市场前景非常广阔。美国、加拿大、墨西哥、巴西、澳大利亚和新西兰都相继制定了电动机的能效标准。如美国在EPACT标准之上制定的NEMAPremium超高能效标准、欧盟的EU—CEMEP标准、澳大利亚AS/NS1359.5和中国GB18613—2012标准。2010年10月,我国政府在哥本哈根会议前夕向全世界承诺:到2020年,中国单位GDP能源消耗和二氧化碳排放比2005年下降40%-45%。加大高效电机市场占有率和使用率,可以说是可持续发展的必由之路。应该说市场前景是广阔的,但是电机作为中间产品,面对的多数是主机厂,不是终端用户,可以说话语权在主机厂,成本成为制约因素。我觉得国家应该借鉴欧美经验,从政策层面(支持使用节能产品)、法治层面(加大督查力度,淘汰低效电机,限定使用3级能效电机)等,这样才能彻底解决高效能电机市场瓶颈问题。
     


     


     

    目前国家实施高效电机节能补贴政策对于企业的意义如何?
    补贴停止后对于企业推广高效电机有何建议?


     

    ZI2010NIAN6YUEGUOJIASHISHIDUIGAOXIAODIANJIDEJIENENGBUTIEZHENGCEYILAI,JINGUANMUQIANGAOXIAODIANJITUIGUANGSUDUYUANDIYUZHENGCEYUQI。DANFENXILINIANZHENGCEKEZHI,ZAIXIANSHIKUNNANMIANQIAN,GUOJIATUIXINGYIYUANYUELAIYUEQIANG,TUIXINGLIDUYUELAIYUEDA,JUEXINSHIFENJIANDING。2017NIAN3YUEDIQUXIAOCIXIANGZHENGCE,DANSHIWEILAIQIYEGENGDUOCAIYONGGAOXIAODIANJIDEQUSHIBUHUIGAIBIAN,ZHENGFUDALITUIGUANGGAOXIAOJIENENGDIANJIDEZHENGCEFANGXIANGYEBUHUIGAIBIAN。WOJUEDEKENENGHUICONGCAIYONGBUTIE(GENGJIAQIESHISHISHIBANFA)HEQIANGZHIXIANGJIEHEDESHOUDUAN,BUDUANTISHENGDIANJINENGXIAOBIAOZHUN,GULIGAOXIAOJIENENGDIANJISHICHANGDEFAZHAN。


     

    IG视讯ZHENGCESHISHIYILAI,YIFANGMIANCUJINQIYEJISHUCHUANGXIN,CUSHIQIYEJIAKUAIXINCHANPINYANFA。GAOXIAODIANJIZAIZHIZAOGONGYIFANGMIANYUPUTONGDIANJICHABIEHAISHIJIAODADE,ZAICHONGPIANZHIZAO、JUEYUANJIEGOUJIJUEYUANCHULI、ZHUANZIZHUZAO、JINJIAGONGDENGFANGMIANYOUJIAODAGAIJIN,POSHIQIYEJINXINGLEGONGYIGEXINHEJISHUGAIZAO,YIDAPIXINGONGYIBEIYINGYONG,YIDAPIXINSHEBEITOURUSHIYONG,CUJINXINGYEZHIZAOSHUIPINGZHENGTITISHENG,JIAKUAILEDIANJIXINCHANPINYANFA;


     

    LINGYIFANGMIANCUJINDIANJIXINGYECHANPINSHENGJIHUANDAI,ZAIZHENGCEDEFUCHIXIA,ZHONGXIAOXINGDIANJIJIADAJIENENGCHANPIN、DIANJIXITONGJIENENG、ZHUANYONGDIANJIYANFA,ZHUBUZOUSHANGJING、GAO、XINZHILU;ZAICI,CUJINDIANJIYANFAHEZHIZAOGONGXINGGUANJIANJISHUYANJIU,RUJIANCEJISHU、JICHENGZHIZAOJISHU、SHEJI(FENXI)RUANJIANJISHU、ZHINENGZHIZAOJISHUDENGYANJIU,SHIDIANJIXINGYEBURUWENJIANGEXINDEFAZHANSHIQI。


     

    WEILAI,QIYETUIGUANGGAOXIAODIANJIYAOCONGZHENGGECHANYELIANJIAODUSIKAOJIEJUEBANFA,BIRUSHUOGENZHUJICHANGJIANLIHEZUOGUANXI,XIANGZHENGFUSHENQINGBUTIE,YIJITONGGUOZHENGFU、QIYEDEXUANCHUANLAITIGAOGAOXIAODIANJIDESHICHANGGUIMO。


     

     

    请您谈谈铜转子电机的发展趋势


     

    铸铜转子和铸铝转子的主要差别之一就是铸铜转子的电阻比铸铝转子的电阻小。因为铜的电阻率比铝低40%,因此用铸铜代替铝,除电机转子电阻差别外,电机的性能和特征都会发生变化。可以说在所有提高中小型鼠笼式电机电效率的技术和方法中,采用铜质转子代替铝质转子压铸技术被认为是最佳途径之一。铜转子电动机在未来存在着巨大的节能潜力和发展空间。铸铜转子电动机与传统的电动机相比,具有非常大的优势,采用铜转子代替传统的转子将会对电动机行业产生革命性的影响。在当前越来越重视能源的充分利用与持续发展的情况下,铜转子所具有的高效特性具有更大的意义,无论从市场还是技术角度来看,铜转子电动机都具有非常广阔的发展空间。


     


     

    铜转子电机优异的特性使得它广泛应用于高效电机、电动汽车、家电以及电机再制造等领域。例如,特斯拉和蔚来汽车已经在全部或部分电动汽车中使用铜转子电机,并取得了良好的社会口碑。相信随着节能高效产业政策的持续推进,未来会有更多产品使用铜转子电机。
     

     

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